Sarkozy and Merkel lay out vision forEU News -Brussels- March 13 2008
Nicolas Sarkozy, the French president, and Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, will today present fellow European leaders
with a proposal for a Mediterranean Union that leaves unanswered sensitive questions about how the scheme would operate.
to a FrancoGerman document obtained by the Financial Times, the Mediterranean Union will seek to strengthen cooperation among
the European Union's 27 member states and non-EU, mainly Muslim, countries in north Africa and the Middle East.
the document is vague about what projects the Mediterranean Union would support and how they would be financed, indicating
that final agreement is lacking on a subject that has caused much discomfort in Berlin about French intentions.
and Ms Merkel are expected to unveil their initiative at a dinner tonight for EU heads of state and government at a two-day
summit in Brussels. According to their joint document, the union would give fresh impetus to the so-called Barcelona process,
which started in 1995.
The existing process is, in essence, a patchwork of overlapping economic, political and social
agreements between the EU and 10 countries on the shores of the Mediterranean, from Morocco to Turkey.
to the Barcelona process could be used for Mediterranean Union projects, the document says. But "additionally and outside
the EU budget" other money, including private sector finance, would be available.
Diplomats said this formulation
addressed the concerns of Germany and other northern EU countries that, as the EU budget's biggest contributors, they
would pick up the bill for projects managed by an institution over which they might have little or no say.
the document's wording leaves it uncertain exactly where funds not originating from the EU budget would come from.
contrast to France's original plan to launch the Mediterranean Union at a grand summit on July 13-14, the document foresees
a one-day summit of all 27 EU states and non-EU Mediterranean states on July 13.
As for possible Mediterranean Union
projects, France distributed a paper to its EU partners in January that suggested initiatives in agriculture, energy, the
environment, migration, transport and 10 other areas. None is mentioned in the Franco-German document.
It says the Mediterranean
Union should have a copresidency, shared at the outset by one non-EU state and one EU state with a Mediterranean coastline.
Mr Sarkozy first proposed a Mediterranean Union last year, it was quickly apparent that it was an Elysée palace initiative
that lacked enthusiastic support from France's foreign ministry, which is deeply committed to the Franco-German relationship.
EU parliament chief wants more say in Med union
The European parliament president has said that the proposed Mediterranean union should work to strengthen
the EU, not compete with it.
Hans-Gert Pöttering said that he would welcome a union which
serves to strengthen the Barcelona process.
“The Mediterranean union…must be done in the context of the
Barcelona process. We want to improve on the Barcelona process, to deepen it. That would mean that there needs to be a parliamentary
dimension,” he said at the European council on Thursday.
“The European parliament needs to be actively involved…this
has already been promised from an informal viewpoint but it would be a good idea if this could also be provided in writing,”
The proposals for a Mediterranean union were originally initiated by French president Nicolas Sarkozy, and
would have linked the southern countries of the EU with 11 countries in north Africa and the Middle East.
strong opposition to the original proposals from German chancellor Angela Merkel, a much looser agreement was announced by
the two leaders on Thursday.
The scheme will be launched at a summit of EU and Mediterranean countries in Paris in
Pöttering urged the council to take into account the work of the Euro-Mediterranean parliamentary assembly
in the region.
“There is the Euromed process, in which the European parliament has been very actively involved,
and I would expect the European council to take note of this parliamentary dimension” said Pöttering.
the fundamental aspects of this vital issue today without involving the European parliament would be to disregard the importance
of democracy,” he added.