Sarkozy: unlikely diplomat in
Sun Sep 7, 2008
He's not known for his diplomatic graces, but blunt-talking French President Nicolas
Sarkozy looks like Europe's best bet for making peace between Russia and Georgia.
Paris, unlike Washington, can
claim to be an impartial mediator, and Sarkozy is bolstered by his current role as the chief of the entire European Union,
Russia's biggest trading partner.
But a cease-fire deal that Sarkozy crafted is foundering. His diplomatic blitz
to Moscow and Tbilisi on Monday may be his last chance to save it — and his credibility as a peacemaker.
Sarkozy, who will be joined by the European Commission president and the EU's foreign policy chief, is charged with ensuring
that the terms of the accord are being honored.
Even for the most seasoned diplomat, that's no small feat. Russian
forces have dug in their heels refusing to leave parts of Georgia, President Dmitry Medvedev has given no sign of backing
down and the historical and legal backdrop is complex.
Sarkozy made his reputation as a results-oriented, energetic
and tough-talking interior minister, qualities in contrast with the stuffy, eloquent and high-minded French diplomats of yesteryear.
At times Sarkozy's abrupt, unstatesman-like style has overshadowed his message — such as when he snapped at a man
who insulted him at a trade show in February, calling him a "poor jerk."
Several analysts said the primary
goal of Sarkozy's mission Monday needs to be cooling tensions between Russia and Georgia, which are not as quantifiable
as the hard results that he typically seeks.
Sarkozy will be carrying an EU mandate: Bloc leaders who met at an emergency
summit on the crisis Sept. 1 scolded Moscow, insisting it wasn't holding up its side of the deal because Russian forces
remain inside Georgia. Russia calls them peacekeepers and says they are allowed under the accord.
His priority No. 1
is to get Moscow to pull out the hundreds of forces that crossed over from the breakaway zones of South Ossetia and Abkhazia
and have taken key positions in Georgia, French diplomatic officials say.
The Sarkozy-led mission is also seeking agreements
that would allow more international observers to be deployed in Abkhazia and South Ossetia to monitor the cease-fire, and
set a timetable for talks about the security and stability of the breakaway republics that Russia recognizes as independent.
first shuttle mission in the first days after hostilities erupted Aug. 7 led to the cease-fire deal.
very good that the French presidency reacted so quickly," said Sabine Fischer, an expert on Russia at the EU's Institute
of Security Studies in Paris. But the cease-fire deal has problems, which has left Sarkozy with a crisis on the EU's border.
gave the Russian side room for interpretation," Fischer said. "This is what Sarkozy has been criticized for."
far, in his 16 months in office, Sarkozy's doggedness has paid off in the international arena. He helped win the release
of six Bulgarian medics held in Libya; he has boosted France's diplomatic and military role in Afghanistan; and he has
restored France's ties with Syria, among other things.
Above all, Sarkozy patched up relations with the United States,
which suffered badly over President Jacques Chirac's opposition to the Iraq war. Nearly as importantly, he reached out
to some European countries that Chirac had scolded for lining up with the Bush administration over Iraq.
In part for
that reason, analysts said, Sarkozy was able to flesh out a common EU line against Russia at the emergency summit Sept. 1.
He had to strike compromise between calls for tough action from countries like Poland and the Baltic states with more hesitant
nations like Italy, whose Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi opposed any sanctions against Russia.
Analysts differ about
the importance of Sarkozy's role. Francois Heisbourg, of the state-backed Foundation for Strategic Research in Paris,
gave the French leader "high marks" for bringing Berlusconi on board.
But Thomas Gomart, of the independent
French Institute for International Relations, said Russia's far-reaching actions — and the "inaudible"
role of the United States — were the main driving forces behind the EU unity, more than Sarkozy.
of the member states have grown closer ... countries like France and Germany toughened their stance toward Moscow and others
like the Baltic states or Poland have become realistic. They see the United States is distant in this affair," he said.
France doesn't have as much historical antagonism with Russia or as much addiction to Russian oil and natural gas
that some of its EU partners do, which makes the timing of Paris' EU presidency a bit of a lucky break, some say.
it been another country — say, Poland — EU mediation would have been much more complicated," Gomart said.
In the crisis, the EU is speaking with an uncommonly unified voice, analysts said, and that serves Sarkozy's long-term
goal of bringing member states closer together in diplomatic, political and military affairs.
On the other hand, Sarkozy
doesn't have a full hand to play in his junket to Moscow.
"The fundamental problem is that the European Union
only has diplomatic tools," said Gomart. "They realize that at the core, to be taken seriously by a country like
Russia, you have to be a security